TRU SDÀ*lf . fl, O
PAGS a s.aM =c.wa~ Y.-
ItsTime to Wake. Up
Ali the good thinking and wçiting
lun't being done these days by pro-
fessional authors, editors, educationists
or even politicians. People in ordinary
walks of lif e-f rom the farmer who
tills the soil to the guy who fils our
gas tanks - are quietly and unobstrusive-
ly doing somne thinking and mullng for
themselves, says The Swift Current Sun.
Sometimes they corne up with a gem of
thought that 18 'startling, perhaps be-
cause it comes fromn such an unexpected
source. The following letter t o the
editor is an example of what we are try-
* ing to ;Say:
"Let me begin," the writer says, "by
* aying that I ar n ot a chronie letter-
writer. 1 amn just a work-a-day guy
with three kids and a mortgage who
hasn't much time for correspondence.
1 amn one of those working men and
women who are flot yet subsidized or
regimented by anyone. I am a white-
collar 'private' in a business where I
asic no union to f ight my batties for me.
1 do flot get paid for crops I do flot
grow, or for work I don't do.
"I belong to no price-fixing associa-
tions which could uphold my fees. And
if I take a pleasure trip, I pay for it
and the cost is not deductible. In otiier
words, I am just a poor miserable slob
who pays the bis for ail this nonsense.
I honestly believe that if everybody
were paid a fair price for the work he
does, 75 per cent of us would starve to
."The stupid lackadaisical attitude
of this country - one of the foremost
ini present-day civilization-reminds me
of every other great one in history;
each collapsed siniply because the
people, when they got fat, got lazy.
They became more interested in goof-
ing off than in carrying on. They got
more concerned about social security
than in self -preservation. They thought
more of ease and comfort than of free-
dom. So they lost it. And, deservedly,
they Iost their ease and comfort, too!
"No wonder Khrushchev has treat-
ed western diplomats like crawfish that
wiIl nibble at his dangling bait uncon-
oerned about the hook that holds it.
He bas a right to expect we will'react
stupidly, because western peoples are
suckers for anything that looks like
something for nothing.
"And if our own politicians can
druni up support at the poils with pie-
in-the-sky offers thai we are going to
pay for (whether we realize it or flot)
then we haven't learned anything since
Eve tricked Adam in the garden.
"Don't you think it's about timne
we woke up?"
Profit is the reward the world pays
t.o those who invest their Uinie, their
talents and their money in producing
the things that people, want. It is flot
guaranteed te anyone in any way. Those
who seek it do se at their own risk, and
have ne ground for complaint if they
lose, Imagination, forethought, mngen-
uity, perseverance, patience, industry,
thrift, enterprise and sound judgment
are ail he1pful in winning profit but
vione of them can guarantee if.
If profits are sa uncertain why do
people work se hard and risk se much
te make them? Why do they not work
for wages and be content with a steady,
assured incarne? The answer is that
most of us do.ý But if4 we all decided
te do that, who would there be tô'
employ us and where wouid we find
lobs? The plain fact is that some people
hiave te také the risks and the responsi-
bilities of ownership and management
or there will be ne jobs for anybody.
Countnies whose people are net en-
terprising and wiiling ta take such risks
-and such responsibilities are invariably,
poor countries, offering few opportuni-
ties te their people te rise ahove the
poverty - une. Profits honestly muade
and wisely spent. are a b6ôn to any
country-, and if is a grave. mistake ta-
f rown on them or te dîsciminate against
thern or treat them as ili-begotten
When industries are nationalized
in order to save, for the people, the
profits the owners are making, if gen-
eraliy develops that the profits dis-
appear and in many cases are turned
into losses. Well managed industries
do flot pay ail their profits te the share-
hoiders in dividends. They lay aside a
substantial portion of them as reserves
against future needs.
How to Stay Young
Youth is nef a f ime cf life, if is a
state of mind. We grow oid only b-y
deserting our ideais. Years wrinkle
the skin but to give Up enfhusiasm
wrinkles the soul. Worry, doubt, self-
distrust, fear and despair - these are
the long, long years that bow the head
and turn the growing spirit back te
dust. There is in the hearf s cf al of us,
whether seven or scventy, the love of
wonder and the love of life. We are as
young as aur faith and as aid as our
doubt - as young as aur self-confidence
- and as old as our fear - as young as
our hope and as old as aur despair.
AMacDuff Ottawa Report
The "Vigorous Pol*c y"
OTTAWA - Thert is probably no
f ield ini which the Conservative Govern-
meut remains no vuinerable to attack
as that of immigration.
,While it has managed te repair a
number of its fences in recent months,
those surrounding immigration have
continued to deteriorate ever since the
Government took office in Jurie of 1957.
When he was charging around the.
hustings during the ca.mpaign that pre-
ceded the election, Prime Minister Dief-
enbaker made his policy on immigation
clear in eommendably forthright terms.
"We believe that Canada needs
increased population if her develop-
ment is to keep pace with hel' vast re-
sources," he declared. "To that end
we will undertake a vigorous immigra-
tion policy in co-operation with the
Provinces to bring to Canada immi-
grants with needed skill and resources."
"We wilI revise the Immigration Act
and Regulations. W. will overhaul its
administration to ensure that humanity
will be considered and put an end to the
bureaucratie interpretations which keep
out of Canada many potentially good
The Prime Minister told the Canad-
ian Ethnie Club that Canada must
"1populate or perish".,Australia, he said,
had concluded that it could absorb just
under four per cent a year of its total
population. Using that yardstick,
Canada could absorb around 640,000
immigrants a year, four times more
than it. had in 1956, Mr. Diefenbaker
wi which inl iicporaed
s The. owmanville Nws
and The. Orono Nws
IO6th Year of Continuous Service Io the
Town of Bowmnanville and
declared. In 1956 there were 165,000
im.migrants who camne to Canadialu
shores.! Because ef the Hunganian re-
voit the total shot Up ta 282,000 in 1957.
It was 124,000 in 1958 and final figures
for 1959 wili probably show the total
down even further, te its Iowest mark
in 10 years. A far cry that f rom Mr.
Diefenbaker's projecfed figure of 640,-
Far from encouragiîug an incerease
ini immigration, the Conservative Gev-
ernmenf moved swiffiy fo curb if
severe1y, Only a month affer if took
office, it ordered the imposition of the
winter restrictions on immigration
usually oniy appiied much lafer in the
year. Those restrictions have neyer
The reason for the restrictions, of
course, was the mounting unemploy-
ment that then faced the country as if
headed into a recession. But today, ac-
cording te the Ministers of the Crown,
Canada is enjoying unprecedented pros-
While unempioyment sf111 continues
to persist at a relatively high level, it
bas been the argument of many people
- as it was the implication behind the
statements by the Prime Minister -
that immigration helps f0 create em-
ployment rather than adding te unem-
Nor has there been any step taken
yet to inject a littie more humanity and
little less hureaucracy into the immi-
Immigration Minister Ellen Fair-
clough did make one change in the
regulations last year which wouid have
had'-the effeet of severely restricting
the class of relatives of ianded immi-
grants that could corne te this country.
Faced with a sfarm of protesf, she was
forced te beat a strategic ret-eaf.
In Toronto, recenfiy, Mr. Justice
Stewart of the Supreme Court of On-
tario contended the arbitrary authority
gvnto the Immigration Deparfmcnt
was "pedlectly shocking and 4isgrace-
fui. .. against every conceivable thing
since the Magna Carta. .. "
The legisiation that was int.endec
to probibit ail appeals to the couri
against departmantal rvlings was nei
put there by the Conservatives, but b)
the Liberals. When Mrs. Fairclougi
was asked whether the. Governmeni
intended to change it in view of Mr
Justice Stewart's oeser,ýJations, thi
At the beginaing of the presený
esion she was asked if she intendec
te bring inlong promised legisiation t(
overhaul the Immigration Act se round.
Iy condemned by ber leader three yeart
MO » FaireloUgh didzi't know..
mo*SUGAR and SPICE:'o
I ~Diuped by BID Smne 1
~ .:azi.-~ q ULt me tell you about the AndI very year. b. buym me to the big, i.l-manncred brutes,
~ ~ > Typoon. o, Ant ~sîe, he: veryexpehivedinner, not as one does t togm
I.Tp oI not a big wmd k beeausebc likes my big, blue willing mongrel. W. reveU'
the south, seas. In factit isn ys but becaum iho bas an iilvn nUcfedja
nothig but a memory. Not a alidig gratituefrte -fw miles behir&d the linos,
sweet, tender mernory, but a poon andl its ex-jockeys. and looked with some acom
I L .stroug,pnet on* the Spitflre boys who r-
\~ IL A. . Ther were bigger aircraft turned tteain theme4k
This memory was atîrrel' and better Snes. but there after an operation. We decid-
or and wafted by an article in wasn't aflythlflg lougher than ed we were winning the war,
M&cLene Magasine called the oid Typhoon. Twice I was~ and the Spits were only for
Breaku t base it by sheila that syould have glaniour-boys. We went so far,
etftUic anadians' war ln Nor- tom the whole weng off ales som aea olblt
maud. cicathemidle f rgged airraft. I1l they did tle "civilian air force".
August, 1944. WIth thie artî. was jolt my old bird, and put **
cie were several pictures a hale the aize of a water-
paunted by war artist&taOneocf tmeleonI ifte w wag. Truete lastlSeveral bundred Young Cm.-
tiem showed Typhoif tr ni lwoe a terd aans flew Typhoonu. A lot of
bombers strafung a German old relie called $ for Sam it them werc killed because the
uouin.Ilwa lie xeaganwas shot throu4l, IX h heart, tpofob tey did produceut
Co inlit al I utuhel Uac but staUgered wrth me into a a hlgh caisualty rate. But any
*Igroe Uiuand 1wlth di he. plowed field and there de- pilot who compited a tour of
gresmethn wthdeigt posited me sa0 cntly I didn't 0DB on Typhoons can look MaY
TheTyhon asa ig ulyeven bruise. max n mUiceoye. Some of tent
Th ypon a a biuycn even look their wlves lu
aircrait, built lilce the prov- Thone of us W'ha bal train-~ the eye.
erbial brick backhouse. It tookcdoSptrewrcdole* *
off like a pregnant pelican w bon wie were e oaelt ye twudb sfoiht
and landed with the grace of we ewr u'tdt y twudb sfoiht
eRa stovelld. If heSpifie pýon quadrons. The Sput- write a sentimental ode to the
If te Sitfre irewas Uic u1IiI-iate ln the Typhoon as it would be to
handed like a dainty racing imeabitions of a figbter compose a lyric ta a locomo-
mare, the T3rphoon was like siple. TbeThon asaivbt'mgdIgtth.
agetcavalry charger, ai- piot * TeTponwsatvbtl dIgtte
waysgrti for the bit. sot f ugly duo*fllng wlth a fond words written before my
way f ghtngnot too savoury 'reputation. old friend is consigned to the
But la the air it had the **" dust-gatherng statistics of a
bite and balance of a Vlklng' But we soon g ew attached forgotten war.
batticaxe, the deadlinesso
au Englisb yeoman'é; longow
poecf a modernniotorr-t r & 3 [e